Manejo médico-dental de una paciente de la tercera edad con apnea obstructiva del sueño y roncopatía. Reporte de caso

[Medical-dental management of a third age patient with obstructive sleep apnea and snoring. Case report]
DOI: 10.37980/im.journal.rmdp.20221863
Publicado
2022-08-30

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Autores/as

  • Fernando R Jaen Consultorios Royal Center, Panamá, Panamá.
  • Carmen Madrid Servicio de Otorrinolaringología, CHDrAAM, CSS, Panamá, Panamá

Palabras clave:

ronquido, oclusión, sistema masticatorio, abnea obstructiva del sueño, bruxismo del sueño

Keywords:

snoring, occlusion, masticatory system, obstructive sleep apnea, sleep bruxism

Resumen

Introducción: Los Desórdenes del Sueño (DDS) son condiciones médicas peligrosas y la Apnea Obstructiva del Sueño (AOS) y la Roncopatía están dentro de las categorías de las Respiratorias. Son aproximadamente 90 y están agrupadas en 6 tipos. Un tercio de la población puede sufrir alguno, pocos son diagnosticados o tratados y el promedio que dormimos es 6 horas de 8 requeridas. Su impacto en la salud y el bienestar general es considerable y conocido. Reporte de caso: Paciente femenina de 68 años que asiste para atención medica por ronquidos que perturbaban el sueño de sus familiares y mal sueño, con ronquidos estridentes al dormir que despertaba a sus familiares. Antecedentes médicos de importancia: hipertensión arterial (HTA) tratada desde hace 20 años. Se observó un riesgo cardiovascular moderado de 44%. Los diagnósticos de DDS del tipo Respiratorio fueron: 1. AOS, en grado leve. 2. Roncopatía. Conclusión: Los DDS son enfermedades peligrosas, incapacitantes y comunes y las respiratorias y las de movimiento, pueden y deben ser detectadas por los Médicos y los Odontólogos durante un examen de rutina.


Abstract

Sleep Disorders (SD) are dangerous medical conditions and Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) and Snoring are amongst the Respiratory. There are approximately 90 different and are grouped in 6 types. One third of the population may be suffering of one, few are diagnosed or treated and the average time we sleep is 6 hours of 8 we need. Its impact on the general wellbeing and health is considerable and known. Temporomandibular Disorders (TMD) that according to the NIH, are dysfunctions of the temporomandibular joints and muscles and OSA are sisters. On October 23, 2017, the American Dental Association issued a mandate to its members that evaluation for OSA and similar disorders should be a part of the routine dental evaluation.  Regarding the relationship TMD and SD, we have more information: 1. In 2 (Respiratory and Movement) of the 6 groups of SD, there is a relationship with Dentistry.  2. Sleep depends on the health of the masticatory system (MS).  3. Some of the treatment modalities and manifestations are in the mouth. The intention of this case report is to present the standard of care and successful management of these DDS with the modality of Sleep Medicine and Dentistry.

Citas

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